Guruji, BKS Iyengar said: “My pupils who follow me call it Iyengar Yoga to distinguish it from the teachings of others. Though I am rational I am tradition bound and sentimental. What I do is pure authentic traditional yoga. The yoga I teach is purely Ashtanga Yoga, known as the eight limbs of Yoga, expounded by Patanjali in his 196 terse Sutras“.
Sage Patanjali is renowned for his works on Yoga, Ayurveda and Sanskrit grammar. All these three subjects contribute to the development of man. Yoga and Ayurveda are known as sciences of liberation, moksa sastras. Grammar is necessary for understanding the language precisely and for healthy communication; it is the medium for culturing subtle regions of the mind.
Patanjali is believed to have lived about 2500 years ago. He was born by his own free will as a Svayambhu (svayam = Self, Bhu=existence). It is because of his mastery of language that this enlightened Yogi could compress the whole Yoga philosophy into only 196 Sutras (aphorisms).
- Invocation to Patanjali (pdf) – words and translation
- Invocation to Patanjali (pdf) – commentary and translation by Smt. Geeta S. Iyengar
English translations and commentaries of Patajali’s Yoga Sutras include:
- BKS Iyengar Light on the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali 1993, various editions available
Barbara Stoler Miller (transl.) Yoga – discipline of freedom 1998, Bantam Books